My gold Celtic Cross jewelry designs at CelticJewelry.ie are motivated by the fabulous history and wonderful imagery of the standing stone crosses of Ireland, replicated in Silver and Gold with engravings from antiquated Irish high crosses. These crosses are worn by individuals who share an energy about Irish culture.
This cross is crafted in 14K yellow gold and you have an option to buy the 14k gold chain in 18inches or 20 inches.
Gold Celtic Cross
The History, Meaning and Symbolism of the Irish Celtic Crosses
The Celtic Cross is easily recognised to all in this world as an image of Irish Heritage. Here, I consider the history and imagery of these glorious stone landmarks
On any tour around the Irish countryside you are probably going to come across a Celtic stone cross on your ventures. Situated in practically every one of the 32 regions, Celtic crosses are synonymous with Ireland and Irishness. These grand stone crosses are flawlessly recreated in my Celtic Jewelry and enhance your expression of Irish heritage both old and modern.
Particular Features of Celtic Crosses
The most established "high" stone crosses as yet remaining in Ireland date from the eighth century to the twelfth century.
The crosses themselves are frequently unpredictably cut to different sizes with most crosses having delineating knotwork and later on, crosses included symbols of the scriptures, parables and engravings. These crosses were often painted in vivid colours.
In fact Celtic high crosses are such a part of the Irish landscape that they go unnoticed by the locals. Early Irish crosses remain around eight feet high with some later crosses substantially taller. The extremely tallest is a massive 23 feet high.
In spite of this variety there are a few particular elements of these antiquated Celtic Crosses that are common:
The Base: which is not generally present. Normally a pyramid shape and now and then cut, offering tallness to the cross.
The Shaft: which is generally isolated on all sides into boards that house complicated outlines or craftsmanship, Celtic knot work or figures.
The Cap: at the highest point of the upper arm of the cross however is regularly not present.
The Head: which can be subdivided into the inside and the arms. Most stone Celtic Crosses have an unmistakable ring shape around the focal point of the head.
Significance and imagery of the Celtic Cross
The face of the head of the cross is considered by many to be the characterizing feature of the Celtic Cross. Basically, the ring shape gives the cross structural integrity, supporting the arms of the cross.
Others recommend the ring portrays the a radiance or plate shape around a head, while others propose it speaks to a heavenly circle, similar to the sun as is delineated in a fifth century Christian Poem Carmen Paschale.
Still others propose that the ring and the "bolt" formed carvings on some early crosses speak to the Celtic Shield. This would consolidate Christian and Celtic symbolism, a strategy apparently utilized by St. Patrick himself and in addition early ministers in their endeavors to change over the Celts to Christianity.
A few students of history propose that the fundamental state of these crosses may have reflected trees, which Celts loved and was a big part of their culture - such as the Tree of Life. Christian ministers landing in Ireland in the fifth century would have been clever not to irritate the early agnostic Celts. By consolidating the Christian symbolism of the cross and radiance with imperative Celtic symbolism of trees and the sun, this new religion would have been more "well-known" and more easy to convert making for even more believers!
What was the Celtic Cross utilized for?
Nobody truly knows why the Celts initially began raising tremendous stone landmarks. What is known is that the High Crosses or Celtic Crosses are commonly situated at or near critical religious communities.
They may have been utilized to characterize limits or uncommon parts of the religious community, with many utilized for lecturing, showing sacred text, supplication, and atonement. The all the more intricately cut crosses would have additionally connoted the riches and specialist of the religious community. Many crosses remember an occasion or a supporter with a few committed to imperative holy people, including St. Patrick, or Irish High Kings.
History of the Celtic Cross
Irish stone crosses are thought to have been hewed from one piece of stone. As the name recommends section crosses were quite recently huge squares of stone, more often than not rock with crosses cut onto them. By in any event the eighth century, some imaginative craftsman chosen to thump out the pieces between the arms of the cross making the main 'Celtic Cross'.
Maybe one of the most seasoned surviving unattached stone cross in Ireland is at Carndonagh, Donegal, otherwise called the Donagh or St. Patrick's Cross. Convention proposes that a congregation or religious community was established there in the fifth century by Saint Patrick with Irish ministers.
St. Patrick's Cross is perfectly decorated with both Christian portrayals and Celtic works of art, showing its initial creation. This enrichment incorporates intertwining knotwork examples are like those found in The Book of Durrow that symbolize the Tree of Life. Christian symbolism delineates Jesus in a successful position near the base of the pole of the cross as opposed to affliction on the cross, which is thought to depict everlasting life in Christ.
Development of the Celtic Cross
Celtic "High" Crosses are detached stone crosses that date from the eighth to twelfth century. In the most established crosses from this period, the arms of the cross frequently don't reach out outside the ring with carvings for the most part depticitng old celtic images and geometric plans. Later crosses from this period are frequently bigger and finished with scriptural scenes.
After the twelfth century these crosses developed as regional markers and are frequently alluded to exclusively as Celtic Crosses, as opposed to "High Crosses", despite the fact that many are still very tall.
Celtic Crosses turned out to be exceptionally in vogue in the eighteenth Century amid the "Celtic Revival" with unpredictably cut crosses and an arrival of geometric images used to for graves and dedications - any Irish individual deserving at least moderate respect truly wouldn't be seen dead without a Celtic Cross.
Since that time the Celtic Cross as an image has come to past ascetic destinations and memorial parks into cutting edge logos, adorning shirts, tattoos, and obviously irish jewelry and is perceived worldwide as a symbol of Ireland.
Celtic Crosses feature prominently in many burial grounds across Ireland and Scotland, and in addition Wales, England, Europe, and even North America.
It is prominently trusted that St. Patrick presented the Celtic Cross in Ireland, amid his change of the rulers from agnosticism to Christianity. Some additionally trust it was St. Columba or St. Declan who presented it. Different speculations abound as to the true history.
While the Celtic Cross is surely a Christian image, it has its underlying foundations in old agnostic convictions . The stone cross at Calanais, on the Isle of Lewis in Scotland, is shaped with an even-furnished cross inside it. This is accepted to be a sun image to the makers of the stone circle, which turned into a holy shape to the Celts. St Patrick is said to have taken this old sun image and stretched out one of the lengths to frame a merging of the Christian Cross and the sun image, and hence the introduction of the Celtic Cross.
The cross inside a circle has been credited with numerous implications by many gatherings and societies. One such significance is that of the phases of the day: morning, twelve, evening, midnight. Another plausibility incorporates the meeting spots of the heavens, of self, nature, knowledge and godliness. Obviously, clear relations, for example, east, north, south and west; or earth, air, water and fire can likewise be gotten from the shape. Indeed, even the Native Americans utilized this as an image for their Medicine Wheel. The sun wheel has likewise been called Odin's Cross, an image in Norse Mythology.
Some say the circle represents the Roman sun-god Invictus, hence giving the cross the name ‘Celtic Sun Cross’. Others say it speaks to the radiance of Jesus Christ. Others just consider it to be a remainder from its agnostic roots as a sun image.
Early Celtic Crosses
Unique Celtic Crosses were not completely carved and cut out of the stone (like todays crosses) – they were inscribed on flat stone slabs, for example, the cross marker close to Gallerus Oratory in Ireland. It is a section of stone, raised and cut with a Celtic Cross at first glance. Another case is the Edderton Cross Slab in Scotland, made of red sandstone. The Killaghtee Cross in Dunkineely, Ireland is another fine case, dating from around 650 CE. It is thought this last case denotes the move from level grave pieces to the upright Celtic crosses. The highest point of the carved lines is a Maltese cross with the triple bunch of St. Brigit underneath, speaking to the Holy Trinity.
High Crosses were prominent in the eighth, ninth and tenth century in Ireland, and were regularly worked to memorialize acclaimed individuals or famous locations. After some time, they began to have elaborate carvings. A popular cross at Clonmacnoise, Ireland is known as the Cross of the Scriptures, or King Flann's Cross. It is finished with pictures from the book of scriptures, for example, the Last Supper, the Crucifixion and the Guarding of the Tomb.
While there are numerous high crosses all through Ireland, the lion's share of Celtic Crosses you will see are those for tombstones, a consequence of a design around the 1850s to utilize them as gravestones or landmarks. This is the style that has crossed seas and flourished wherever Irish or Scottish immigrants landed, be it the Americas, far away Australia or New Zealand, carrying with them the excellence and secrets of the Celtic Cross.